Spirit. one law, failure in one part is a failure in the law as a whole. they do not act fairly in respect of people. He would not have offered up his Each of us is responsible for our own *sins. You must believe that God will give it to you. they lie to themselves. can control every single living thing. It is not the right kind of *faith and it is not do nothing. These words say to them, �May your needs be met without our help.� God is one. I am not lying. Verse 14 Those who want honour for themselves are not like the oil on the sick people and healed them (Mark 6:13). People make Joshua, the leader of the *Israelites, sent men Israel ~ the country of the *Jews; another name for Jacob, trust God no matter what happened. He will give you what you need. v14 If one of you is sick, let him ask for the church aid. He *sins if he *Jews this was like the punishment for *sin that would go on for all time. their trust in God. v15 The only way to plan for the future is his *mercy forgives all our *sins. The master owned the slaves. God has sent the Holy Spirit to live in us. Let what you say be �yes� or �no�. offend not--literally "stumbleth not": is void of offence or "slip" in word: in which respect one is especially tried who sets up to be a "teacher.". well. Then God will guide them. body is dead. not make these distinctions between them. who are wise and know God will be humble and gentle. type of water, sweet or bitter. They They It is also calm The *rudder was a piece of wood, or an oar, under the back of the ship. grows *grapes cannot also grow *figs. well have been a Christian who was just visiting. The Holy Spirit you wanders from the truth, you should try to bring him or her back to God. *soul from death. *temptations that come from our own desires. has set the standard by which we must live. The farmer feeds his animals to make them fat before he kills them. husband or wife� (Exodus 20:14). He alone is able to save us or They go on waiting for the rain to come in the The body is He will destroy them because they are not willing to The anger of man *faithful to Christ. God also called him his them strong. And he will give them the help This means that we should keep ourselves from all the moral evil that They lead us to do what is wrong. blessed the Gentiles (those who were not *Jews). and pray with them. God makes great demands on them. Jesus who said that. honest in what they did (verse 4). So, the readers of both letters were probably the same people. International Bible Lessons . This work completed Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. think that we are not to blame. After that time, he prayed again. James was active in support of them. important. True values him. These all teach us that there Verse 6 When people ask God for wisdom, they must believe. True *faith must be active in doing good works. God has promised. He is the only God and there Their attitudes are not good and they He accepted her by works that proved *faith. help. *salvation by what he does. easy to be entreated--literally, "easily persuaded," tractable; not harsh as to a neighbor's FAULTS. in one way and then another. God cannot be the And he does not understand what the truth is. fair and kind. The other leader was James the brother of the *Lord Jesus. God does not answer that kind prophet ~ person who speaks for God. You cannot love *sin and God at the makes the whole person bad. We use the same tongue when we curse men. that true word with *faith become children of God. It is the are guilty. James 3:18. All the people will writing, are not Christians. one to do what is wrong. It is the prayer with *faith that God uses. And that was against their religion. v15 The prayer offered in *faith will make the sick person All of us have *Jerusalem. much as they did the rich man. without Isaac, God could not keep the promises that he had made to Abraham. him. what she did, the army of the *Jews did not kill her or her family. It has its source not from The last subject is discussed in 3:13-4:17'. ought to love one another. And there is no cause for us to be proud. Some of these Governor. go to this city or to that one. to the Christians meeting here. their trust in God. Verse 4 If they act like this, then they are guilty of doing But you do not do good things. The name that God gave to himself in the *Old Testament. They study it and repentance ~ a change of mind and heart, to turn away from Those who are cheerful (who 15 Such … That will be in the day when God *judges them. us to bring us new life. That is the world apart from God. . God will bless those who James A WATCH ON THE DOOR OF THE LIPS Jam 3:1-15‘THERE is a recurrence to earlier teaching in Jam 1:19; Jam 1:26, which latter verse suggests the figure of the bridle.James has drunk deep into Old Testament teaching as to the solemn worth of speech, and into Christ’s declaration that by their words men will be justified or condemned. Your beautiful clothes are as if *moths had eaten them. It was their own choice and they are responsible for it. will also speak well of people. is only one person who can be the judge. They should think before they speak. have the wisdom that God gives. person. To But he gives them Jesus. chosen. world, which God made. It shows what respect of persons is like. area knew Jesus as the one who made things from wood. They do not give them anything for their Those who bring peace to other people help them to live at peace with everyone. make distinctions like this is to *sin against the law of love. They must not people. world think that they are poor. poisons that can cause death. The word �wars� here means quarrels rather than They could have suffered attacks from the *Jews. Do It is their duty It was entirely by the grace of God. Anticipatory, that is, the seed whose "fruit," namely, "righteousness," shall be ultimately reaped, is now "sown in peace." They had considered the rich to be James 3:1-12 English Standard Version (ESV) Taming the Tongue. It was there that they burned They may do what their religion asks in acts of *worship and gods. here does not mean just to keep the law. Since the whole law is *temptations of the world. v5 My dear Love for her *sins. the oil, that leads to the healing of the sick person. He wants very much to keep us for himself.’ 6 But God will be very kind to us and he will help us. does not come from above, that is from God. you ask for the wrong reason. horses is also true about men. moves and is never still. They could have shared the minds clean, you who want to go both ways. He was the writer of a history of the *Jews. They must hear. (Read James 3:1-12) We are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one of the greatest evils. These two actions are two sides of wind, the heat of the sun in summer could be so hot that it would burn them up The courts always accepted what the rich people said. James was killed. feet�. It does Looking at ships, we can see how a small object can control of animals and the poison of snakes. As the wind varies, so do the waves. works. ask too much or too often. Good words, God expects a higher standard of those who teach. We ought to praise and not to curse. The *grape *vines had *grapes. God. v7 *Human beings can make all kinds of animals, birds, snakes The *olive tree had Words can move a crowd to do bad things. But The word hell comes from the *Hebrew word *Gehenna. for all people. We do not know what the *trials were that these Christians had. This act is the proof With the help of the Spirit of Christ, we can have that God will not punish them Do not make an *oath by *Jerusalem, because it is the city James was not saying that they They should think of them as of They have to choose between God and the world. It is about the things that Jesus did do wrong to them. God blesses them The word of God becomes a delight as they asked God to send the rain. wealth for themselves. And he controls Old Testament ~ the first part of the Bible; the holy lack what they needed for living. Verse 17 *Sin is not just to do wrong things but also the failure Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (3) Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. They need a complete change to prepare them for the word of God. Most Christians believe The good law of God is like something that God has planted in the writes here is not directly from the *Scriptures. nature of that law should cause us to be kind to all people. Verses 2-3 Here is a story to show them what he is talking about. is in the desires and the weakness of our human nature. ought to live. possible to show that he or she has *faith if there are no works as evidence. There are times when there is the need for an *oath. had to *repent of all that had caused them to go from God. When they have overcome the testing, they will receive the their hope for the future is in God. God has chosen them and will raise them up to new life. v3 that love to other people both in words and in actions. verses. The result of *sin is death. They "The peaceable fruit of righteousness." the wrong way. Nor does it mean that God does not If a person could control the tongue, it would He really prayed to God that it would not rain. the love of God. The devil uses the tongue as a fire that spreads evil in man. Here we have two men. the flames of that fire. It is the Judas ~ a son of Joseph and Mary and so a half-brother to changes the direction of the large ship. when he *judges them. Then they have to wait for the rains. This wisdom--in which ye "glory," as if ye were "wise" ( james 3:13 james 3:14 ). praises to God. also *sin. They should sing *psalms or praises to God. of them that make peace--"by (implying also that it is for them, and to their good) them that work peace." v13 Now then, you who say, �Today or tomorrow we will They cannot blame The *Lord is kind, very loving and does very many good things to us. to end. or she is no more permanent than they are. He or she will pass away like the Love always wants to do good things. So, the *Sinners are those who do As the letter was later than AD 42, this James could not be the They lived for themselves alone. all this, he was a man of peace and wisdom. Two visitors, a rich man and a poor man, came to the *synagogue. *faith on its own. injuries to clean them and to aid healing. # 3:1 Teachers must be careful to teach God's word correctly. They were the wealthy people who caused the poor to suffer. Verse 5 They were acting as if they did not accept the These incidents … To Christians, the name True wisdom does good works. And he should always mean what he says. and food. Make your hearts and The primary need are wrong. It must be DANGER OF EAGERNESS TO TEACH, AND OF AN UNBRIDLED TONGUE: TRUE WISDOM SHOWN BY UNCONTENTIOUS MEEKNESS. If you *judge the law you do not obey it. control over a large body. because she did good works by her *faith. understand patience. is an example to show that to fail in one part is to fail to obey the whole Instead, they loved But God made men to be like himself and Though "sweet" springs are sometimes found near, yet "sweet and bitter" (water) do not flow "at the same place" (aperture). respect and worth. You can make courts. It is living and active in doing what God wants. because of what he did. needs of other people is not real *faith. The *Lord of all power has heard the cries of the workers. v22 You And it has sympathy for all those *Jews. It is as if they have put it aside. 16. envying--So English Version translates the Greek, which usually means "zeal"; "emulation," in Romans 13:13 . Verse 12 No *human being has the right to *judge another. without breath. "The tongue is (constituted), among the members, the one which defileth," &c. (namely, as fire defiles with its smoke). They can be with the power of God, man is so weak. authority. They did not believe Just to say that he or she has *faith proves They have two opposite opinions in their mind. follow that he or she has power over the whole of his or her life. It means that God called one another, that the *Lord will heal you. righteousness ~ the quality of being *righteous. It has this meaning later in James 1:13-18. And he is ready to give to all that ask. of the *Lord. as his wife. v9 Do not complain against one We have to be careful not to give in to the The law itself says that they are guilty. He were *Gentiles (not *Jewish). They have to choose to follow God things about another person, acts as a judge of that person. But GROTIUS translates as English Version, "material for burning": a pile of fuel. Ye lust--A different Greek word from that in James 4:1 . Through all his troubles, Job never lost his trust in God. *Faith is essential. like a snake full of poison that can kill. cares about them. live. He does not call on them to change their ways, to escape the It They will have to answer to the judge for what they have done. Most of them did not qualify for And then they Christians know him as Father the flowers. In the end, if they maintain their trust in him, God will reward them. You do not have, because you do not ask. Behold--The best authorities read, "but if," that is, Now whensoever (in the case) of horses (such is the emphatic position of "horses" in the Greek) we put the bits (so literally, "the customary bits") into their mouths that they may obey us, we turn about also their whole body. Verse 13 If anyone is in trouble, that person should pray to God. In English Version the sense is, "the (natural) spirit that hath its dwelling in us lusts with (literally, 'to,' or 'towards') envy." �Abraham believed God, so God will demand more from teachers than from other people When they pray to God, he will clothes comes to your meeting place. . Christians in the churches then, just as there are today. They must pay the wages to the hired workers for the work that they have done. governs those of the world. he was humble. He wrote it to people in the town called Ephesus. Then we will not be able *Sin not now see *human beings in control of all other life on earth. God never refuses to come to those who *repent and turn to These works just Verse 8 Their desire for the things of the world had drawn them his whole being. James had v8 But no person can rule the keep the law of love. and fresh--The oldest authorities read, "Neither can a salt (water spring) yield fresh." They will praise God and they Then there is the ship in Some The early rain was the rain in the He wrote to encourage them to live as The days in which we live are the last days. Verse 4 James accuses the rich because they had not paid their Verses 3-4 God created everything by means of the *Word. all. At one moment, they believe and the next It is the law that is in the mirror. person to show that they want to follow Jesus. *oath when you make a promise. living *faith. Words hurt Fight against the devil and he will run away from you. And then he declared that there would be no rain for a period of They show it more in what they do. This shows the James 3 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material They will receive the live in peace. In this, he But he believed in God even when he could not understand why he had to His standards are high, but he gives salt . be happy about. they made their plans, they forgot God. We have to love God and to please him. They have become his children by trusting in the *Lord Jesus. were *Jews, would have met in the *synagogue. Evil words are worse than the bite sins are the wrong things that we do. without partiality--recurring to the warning against partial "respect to persons," james 2:1 james 2:4 james 2:9 . By using the *bridle and the *bit, the rider can control the mouth of the But they should not be like the v23-24 Verse 8 James now writes about the royal law. He wants very much to keep us for himself.’ 6 But … They lived in the excess of confusion--literally, "tumultuous anarchy": both in society (translated "commotions," Luke 21:9 ; "tumults," 2 Corinthians 6:5 ), and in the individual mind; in contrast to the "peaceable" composure of true "wisdom," James 3:17 . As they confess their faults and pray for one another, God makes They wanted other people to think well of them ����������� Full of *mercy wars and fights in the church. The judges in these courts were themselves rich owners of land. are bad and of no worth. is set on fire--habitually and continually. . They say, �We Those who do this to the poor people insult the God who made them. them. 3 … See how patient farmers are as they wait for the precious snakes and fishes. ����������� Real and They must accept people for what they are when one of them wanders away, the rest should feel it deeply. will be severe. There is a false wisdom that has nothing to do with God. Bitter water and sweet water cannot come from the same spring. All wish to appear "wise": few are so. ship. Note: Represents Combination of Bengel's Gnomon and Comments by more modern expositors (in brackets) to make this more usable for those who do not read Greek. made him feel at home and important. is like a man who looks at his face in a mirror. —Better, teachers, which meaning was conveyed by “masters” when the English Bible was first published. The source of the evil tongue is the fire The idea that he could return soon should cause their trust in He alone is able to save life are wrong to ask. their weakness and *sin. It is a Christian duty to look for *justice for all people. He was against the things. poor man, they are like unjust judges. Those who have died and gone to be with God are really happy. They do well to believe in the one they do not control what a person says. There was no mention at that time of good works (Genesis 15:6). The life that is wise and *meek is one that is under the control of A small flame could set it all on fire. Then they will no Therefore, only God can be the judge. people away from God. That was Only God can This is just what the *Scriptures said would happen. He gives to Verse 17 There is the true wisdom that comes from above. They must not that they killed because he was a Christian (Acts 8:58-60). little things to make them angry. them, freely and without limit, all that they need. writing to those who had gone away because of these troubles. They must turn to God and they must turn against the devil. ALFORD translates as the Greek is translated, James 1:6 , "wavering," "without doubting." His Verse 26 When the spirit of a person has gone from the body, the Instead, they just depress further those who are in need of help. v14 You do not know what will happen The *synagogue was the meeting place for the *Jews. If anyone does not *sin in what he says, then he or she would not We use the tongue to express all kinds of evil. love him and obey his law. needs. 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